By Benjamin Wardhaugh

Despite what we might occasionally think, renowned arithmetic writing didn't start with Martin Gardner. in reality, it has a wealthy culture stretching again thousands of years. This wonderful and enlightening anthology--the first of its kind--gathers approximately 100 attention-grabbing decisions from the previous 500 years of renowned math writing, bringing to lifestyles a little-known facet of math historical past. starting from the past due 15th to the overdue 20th century, and drawing from books, newspapers, magazines, and internet sites, *A Wealth of Numbers* comprises leisure, school room, and paintings arithmetic; mathematical histories and biographies; debts of upper arithmetic; motives of mathematical tools; discussions of ways math will be taught and discovered; reflections at the position of math on the earth; and math in fiction and humor.

Featuring many tips, video games, difficulties, and puzzles, in addition to a lot historical past and trivialities, the choices contain a sixteenth-century advisor to creating a horizontal sundial; "Newton for the Ladies" (1739); Leonhard Euler at the inspiration of speed (1760); "Mathematical Toys" (1785); a poetic model of the rule of thumb of 3 (1792); "Lotteries and Mountebanks" (1801); Lewis Carroll at the video game of common sense (1887); "Maps and Mazes" (1892); "Einstein's genuine Achievement" (1921); "Riddles in Mathematics" (1945); "New Math for Parents" (1966); and "PC Astronomy" (1997). equipped by way of thematic chapters, each one choice is positioned in context via a quick advent.

A designated window into the hidden historical past of renowned arithmetic, *A Wealth of Numbers* will supply many hours of enjoyable and studying to someone who loves well known arithmetic and science.

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**Additional resources for A Wealth of Numbers: An Anthology of 500 Years of Popular Mathematics Writing**

**Example text**

If we allow 10,000—ten thousand—corns to a Pint (which is more than enough) then 5,120,000 corns will make a Quarter, but yet (for the ease of them that will make tryal) we will allow 10,000,000 corns to make a Quarter. By which number, if you divide the whole number of corns that the 72 Pearls would have amounted unto . . , the Quotient of that Division would be 472,236,648,286,964. And so many whole Quarters of Barley would the Necklace have amounted unto, and some odd Bushels, which we here omit as superﬂuous.

The loser is the player who takes the last counter. Hint Chance plays no part, and each game must end. The only advantage that either player can possibly have is to start or to play second. To work out how to win you need to start by analysing the “end game,” and the losing position to be avoided, and then work back to earlier moves. What should you do if there are only two piles? If there are more piles, what happens if you reduce all the piles to one counter in each? Solution This is how you gain control of the game.

Another form of the puzzle is to draw the diagram on a slate and then rub it out in three rubs. 2) is a rough sketch somewhat resembling the British ﬂag, the Union Jack. It is not possible to draw the whole of it without lifting the pencil from the paper or going over the same line twice. The puzzle is to ﬁnd out just how much of the drawing it is possible to make without lifting your pencil or going twice over the same line. Take your pencil and see what is the best you can do. 3)? Directly you change the direction of your pencil it begins a new stroke.