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Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property by Gaëlle Krikorian, Amy Kapczynski

By Gaëlle Krikorian, Amy Kapczynski

On the finish of the 20 th century, highbrow estate rights collided with lifestyle. Expansive copyright legislation and electronic rights administration applied sciences sought to close down new kinds of copying and remixing made attainable through the web. overseas legislation increasing patent rights threatened the lives of hundreds of thousands of individuals world wide dwelling with HIV/AIDS through proscribing their entry to affordable primary medications. for many years, governments have tightened the grip of highbrow estate legislations on the bidding of knowledge industries; yet lately, teams have emerged all over the world to problem this wave of enclosure with a brand new counter-politics of "access to knowledge" or "A2K." They comprise software program programmers who took to the streets to defeat software program patents in Europe, AIDS activists who compelled multinational pharmaceutical businesses to allow copies in their drugs to be offered in bad international locations, subsistence farmers protecting their rights to nutrition protection or entry to agricultural biotechnology, and faculty scholars who created a brand new "free culture" flow to protect the electronic commons. Access to wisdom within the Age of highbrow Property maps this rising box of activism as a sequence of ancient moments, options, and ideas. It gathers probably the most very important thinkers and advocates within the box to make the stakes and techniques at play during this new area obvious and the phrases of highbrow estate legislation intelligible of their political implications around the globe. an artistic Commons variation of this paintings may be freely on hand online.

Contributors: Ahmed Abdel Latif, Philippe Aigrain, Jeffrey Atteberry, Yochai Benkler, Yann Moulier Boutaing, Carlos Correa, Laura DeNardis, Sarah Deutsch, Peter Drahos, Hala Essalmawi, Rick Falkvinge, Sean Flynn, Vera Franz, Spring Gombe, Anil Gupta, Ellen 't Hoen, Charles Igwe, Eddan Katz, Kannikar Kijtiwatchakul, Gaëlle Krikorian, Lawrence Liang, Jiraporn Limpananont, James Love, Leena Menghaney, Viviana Munoz, Sisule F. Musungu, HeeSeob Nam, Chan Park, Eloan Pinheiro dos Santos, Achal Prabhala, Onno Purbo, Manon Ress, Caroline Rossini, Susan promote, Sangeeta Shashikant, Roberto Verzola, Jo Walsh

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Its effects, mediated by communication technologies and techniques such as just-in-time production, are felt through channels such as decreased remittances and increased volatility in commodity markets. The interconnection of markets— itself dependent upon (though not determined by) advances in information technology—is thus one vector for the globalization of the implications of informationalism. Castells, The Rise of the Network Society, pp. 108–109. , p. 25, citing Daniel Bell. , citing Marc Porat.

But is the public domain in fact universally “free” in a substantive fashion, when those who create from its resources may enclose the results? Does leaving the public domain free in this sense simply mean that those with resources will be able to make use of this (publicly renewed and subsidized) resource and then enclose the results, to the systematic disadvantage of those who continue to operate outside of the confines of property? Is this freedom a structurally unequal freedom, one that can be remedied only by a positive concept of public property (or of a commons) that cannot be the subject of such extraction?

Org/wiki/Talk:Intellectual_property (last accessed February 24, 2010). html (last accessed February 1, 2010). Google’s algorithm (itself subject to intellectual property protection) answers search queries recursively, using the link structure of the Web to rate the relevance and popularity of a particular Web site. See Gaëlle Krikorian, “Access to Knowledge as a Field of Activism” in this volume and Amy Kapczynski, “The Access to Knowledge Mobilization and the New Politics of Intellectual Property,” Yale Law Journal 117 no.

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