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Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable by Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes

By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes

Membrane fabrics let for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics study and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as serious elements in either sustainable power and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation bargains technique simplification and intensification in undefined, supplying reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions mark downs and effort safety. complex membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable power and environmental purposes offers a accomplished overview of membrane utilisation and integration inside power and environmental industries.

Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane methods and separation to membrane characterization and fiscal research. half makes a speciality of membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) trap in coal and gasoline strength vegetation, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 studies membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters overlaying hydrocarbon gasoline, average gasoline and synthesis fuel processing, in addition to complicated biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for substitute strength purposes and effort garage, resembling membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen construction. eventually, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in commercial and environmental purposes, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear strength applications.

With its exclusive editors and workforce of professional members, complex membrane technology and know-how for sustainable strength and environmental functions is a vital reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers drawn to this field.

  • Presents a accomplished evaluate of membrane technology and know-how, concentrating on advancements and purposes in sustainable strength and clean-industry
  • Discusses the basics of membrane tactics and separation and membrane characterization and financial analysis
  • Addresses the most important problems with membrane utilisation in coal and gasoline strength vegetation and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for replacement strength functions and membrane utilisation in business and environmental applications

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Extra resources for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications

Sample text

Ghaemi2, H. 1 Introduction As the most precious and renewable resource in the world, water is an important aspect of life. The world’s population tripled in the twentieth century and it will increase by another 40% to 50% within the next 50 years. Population growth coupled with industrialization and urbanization has resulted in the rapidly increasing demand for fresh water. Furthermore, some existing fresh water resources have gradually become polluted because of human or industrial activities.

In other research, Razmjou et al. (2011) employed mechanical and chemical modifications of TiO2 nanoparticles to improve their dispersion into the PES membrane matrix. 2 Removal efficiency of Escherichia coli in water on the surface of different poly(vinylidenefluoride) (PVDF)/TiO2 membranes with and without the radiation of UV light. Reprinted from Damodar, You, and Chou (2009), with permission from Elsevier. 5 cm3. Afterward, the powder was dispersed in DMAc by sonication in a bath for 15 min followed by 10 min sonication by probe at an amplitude of 20 kHz.

Balta et al. 750, 1, 2, and 4 wt%). The ZnO-blended membranes showed a lower decline in flux and better permeability compared with pristine membrane owing to the significantly higher hydrophilicity of nanocomposite membranes even at ultra-low concentrations of ZnO nanoparticles. 125 wt% increased the relative flux of nanocomposite membranes, but at higher concentrations no further increment was observed. Furthermore, the addition of ZnO nanoparticles considerably improved the fouling resistance of composite membranes during filtration of solutions containing humic acid.

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