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Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology: Volume 16 by Hamish MacKinnon Banford (auth.), Jeffery Lewins, Martin

By Hamish MacKinnon Banford (auth.), Jeffery Lewins, Martin Becker (eds.)

John Maynard Keynes is credited with the aphorism that the long term view in economics has to be taken within the gentle that "in the long term we're aU dead". it isn't in any spirit of gloom even though that we invite our readers of the 16th quantity within the overview sequence, Advances in Nuclear technological know-how and expertise, to take an extended view. the 2 relevant roles of nuclear strength lie within the army sphere - now not addressed as such during this serie- within the sphere of the centralised construction of energy, and mainly electrical energy iteration. The rapid want for this latter has receded within the present period of constrained economies, vanishing development premiums and low surpluses of oil instantaneous markets of the realm. Nuclear power has its most crucial position as an assurance opposed to the demanding instances to return. yet will the call for come at a time while the present reactors with their heavy use of normal uranium feed shares are for use or in an period the place different elements of the gas offer needs to be exploited? The time scale is adequately doubtful and the length of the call for so unascertainable brilliant ahead coverage needs to count on that by the point the most important call for comes, the kind of to be had usual uranium could have been mostly ate up within the terrible convertors of the present thermal fission programme.

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Polymers may behave differently electrically if both irradiated and maintained at liquid helium temperature, and it is not at all certain that the poor dielectric performance that Coltman, Jr. et al (103) found with G-I0 CR and G-ll CR, for example (TABLE IV) , would be improved as would the mechanical properties. When an electrical insulator is irradiated charge is generated. 1X10 7 Gy I J I J 3 200 1 J l 400 3 600 L i 800 Breaking Stress - M Pa Figure 31 The effects of reactor radiation on the compressive strength of various polymer systems at cryogenic temperatures.

1 Radiation Effects in Glass. Glass suffers radiation damage in much the same way as do ceramics. The variation of a number of the physical properties of glass with radiation has been investigated over the years and radiation effects in this material were reviewed in the early sixties by Wullaert et al (114). It is found that radiation causes changes in some properties from their unirradiated state but these changes tend to be less than what would occur with ceramics. This may be due to the highly disordered structure of the glass network in its normal state, which has in fact been likened to a severe case of damage even before irradiation (120).

Using 10 cm cubes of glass Hardtke and Ferguson showed charge released to be proportional to radiation exposure at about 80 llC/MGy (127).

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