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Ancient Persia in Western history : Hellenism and the by Sasan Samiei

By Sasan Samiei

The Achaemenid Empire, based by means of Cyrus the good within the sixth century, used to be at its peak the biggest empire the area had but obvious, stretching throughout Asia, the center East and North Africa. simply because this primary Persian Empire fought a chain of wars opposed to the traditional Greek city-states, it has frequently been solid against the Hellenistic cultures of the interval. old Persia in Western heritage is a measured rejoinder to the dominant narrative that considers the Graeco-Persian Wars to be simply the 1st around of an oft-repeated conflict among the despotic 'East' and the greatly enlightened 'West'. Sasan Samiei analyses the historiography which has skewed our realizing of this significant period - contrasting the paintings of Edward Gibbon and Goethe, which commemorated Classicism and Hellenistic historical past, with later writers equivalent to John Linton Myres. eventually, Samiei explores the cross-cultural encounters which constituted the Achaemenid interval itself, and repositions it as necessary to the heritage of Europe, Asia and the center East.

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There were enthusiastic advocates on both sides. 8 This overarching postulation was underpinned by Bopp’s position as the first serious systematizer of language. He had divided languages into three 18 ANCIENT PERSIA IN WESTERN HISTORY groups: those without grammar (Chinese), those which acquire grammar by compositing monosyllabic roots (Indo-European languages) and those which express relations of grammar by internal changes (Semitic languages). Consequently, languages could no longer be traced back to a single source (Hebrew, for our purposes).

H. Keane’s 1896 publication, entitled Ethnology. 15 This, in turn, helped to reinforce the ideological trends of the day. And no one represented this trend better than the philologist, Max Mu¨ller (1823– 1900). The title of the first lecture in Mu¨ller’s 1861 series of lectures, published as Lectures on the Science of Language, was unambiguous. ’16 Mu¨ller’s analysis does not begin with a race-language synonymy; it only meanders towards that destination because of his adopted methodology of induction.

Finally, Chapter 8 brings all the discussions to a critical focus and denouement. It also reappraises Myres’ multifaceted contributions to my discourse by referring directly to a 1953 paper which, at first glance at least, appears to go against many of his earlier core inferences. CHAPTER 2 SETTING THE SCENE: ANTHROPOLOGY, LINGUISTICS AND ROMANTIC HELLENISM IN VICTORIAN BRITAIN Introduction By the beginning of the nineteenth century, the Renaissance humanism of early modern Europe gave way first to neo-classicism and then to ‘Romantic Hellenism’.

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